Monday, July 4, 2011

Happy Independents day

The
Declaration
Of
Independence


IN CONGERESS, July 4, 176.
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united State of America,
When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary of one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes witch impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these end ,it is the Right of the people  to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariable the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards of their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such it now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this let Facts be submitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws the most wholesome and necessary for public good. He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance unless suspended in their operation till has Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused the pass other laws of the accommodation of large districts of people unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only. He has called together legislative bodies at place unusual, uncomfortable, and distant for the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures. He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasion on the rights of the people. He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large of their exercise; the State remaining in the meantime exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within he has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws of establishing Judiciary powers. He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their office, and the amount and payment of their salaries, he has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance. He has kept among us in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures. He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power. He has combined with others to subject us to and jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders witch they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States: For cutting off our Trade with parts of the world: For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury: For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments; For suspending our own Legislatures and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whosoever. He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation. He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands. He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions. In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in most humble terms, our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. Nor  have We been wanting in attention to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them for time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our Separation, and hold them as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.


WE, THEREFORE, the Representatives of the UNITED STATES of AMERICA, in General Congress, Assemble, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intention of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATE; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to be British Crown, and that all political connection be between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which INDEPENDENT States may of right do AND for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other  our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.
Happy Forth of July to all.


Erika

1 comment:

Mary Grace Biggs said...

Hmmm... I'm guessing you copy that from the email I sent you with it? ;)